The human abdomen is filled with Carbon dioxide gas that elevates abdominal wall above internal organs. This facilitates sufficient space for inserting the cable and performing different operative procedures. The system is also attached to cold light source, so as to illuminate the area. Images of targeted areas are captured by a camera and viewed on a video monitor.
Laparoscopic techniques are being implemented in all spheres of surgical treatments These range from knee surgeries to heart transplants and weight-loss surgeries like gastric bypass surgery. It is advantageous over traditional open surgical procedures as it makes small incisions that require shorter recovery period.
The risk of blood over flow during operation is also restricted considerably. Further, organs are not directly exposed in this method. Therefore, there are lesser chances of these organs coming in contact with external contaminants that may otherwise cause post operative infections.
Sparse cases of post operative difficulties may exist in this case as well. Some electrical burns may occur due to the electrodes. These remain unseen by your surgeons until they cause some serious issues later. Although most of CO2 stuffed in the abdomen, gets released through free incisions after operation; some amount may still be present in the body.