Following are the common questions about Pilonidal Sinus:
A. The pilonidal sinus, also called a pilonidal cyst, is a small hole or channel under the skin and has pus or inflamed fluid accumulation that may also contain blood. It often occurs in the cleft, at the lower back, or at the top of the buttocks.
Pilonidal sinus may also contain hair and dirt that may cause pain, foul-smelling pus, and blood discharge. It develops when the hair at the top of the cleft gets pushed inside the body, causing dirt to move inside. Experts suggest that the pilonidal sinus develops from an abscess in most cases.
A. The following are the most common causes of pilonidal sinus:-
A. The following are the common symptoms of pilonidal sinus:-
A. The following are the risk factor for pilonidal sinus:-
A. The ideal doctor for treating this problem is a proctologist, general surgeon, or dermatologist who is experienced in pilonidal sinus surgery.
A. People with long-hour sitting jobs are at a high risk of developing pilonidal sinus. It's more common in men as compared to women. It occurs when the hair at the top of the cleft gets pushed inside the body, causing dirt to push inside.
A. The doctor first diagnoses the pilonidal sinus by a physical examination. After that, the doctor may recommend blood tests for proper diagnosis. Usually, imagining tests are not required in the case of pilonidal sinus.
A. A pilonidal sinus looks like a lump, swelling, or an abscess. Several treatment options are there to treat the problem. However, when non-surgical treatments prove ineffective or pilonidal sinus becomes severe, the doctor uses surgical procedures to treat it.
A. Pilonidal sinus surgery is done with open surgery and laser surgery. The surgeon removes the pilonidal sinus during the surgery by making an incision. The surgeon uses a blade or scalpel to remove the cyst while open surgery. However, laser energy is used to treat pilonidal sinus during laser surgery.
A. Laser surgery is considered the best surgical treatment for pilonidal sinus. Laser surgery is an advanced way to treat this problem most effectively.
A. The following are the benefits of choosing pilonidal sinus laser treatment:-
The success rate of laser surgery is as high as 95-99 percent and the risk of complications during and after the surgery is almost zero. However, you must ensure that you choose an experienced and reliable surgeon to undergo laser surgery for pilonidal sinus.
You can undergo laser surgery after consulting an experienced general surgeon or proctologist if you have pilonidal sinus and you are seeking the best treatment in just one day.
A. The average cost of pilonidal sinus surgery ranges between Rs. 20,000-1,20,000. However, that's not the final price. It may vary from case to case.
A. The cost of pilonidal sinus surgery is affected by many factors. This mainly includes the following:-
A. Pilonidal sinus laser surgery is a daycare procedure that is hardly 30 minutes.
A. No. You don't need to stay at the hospital post pilonidal sinus surgery. It's a daycare procedure, so the doctor discharges the patient within a few hours of the surgery. However, in some cases, looking at the patient's overall health, the doctor may recommend 1-day hospitalization.
A. The recovery depends on the type of surgery you undergo for pilonidal sinus. After open surgery, you may need one day of hospitalization. However, you can resume your daily routine after 2-3 days, and complete recovery takes around two weeks.
However, laser surgery is a daycare procedure, so you don't need to stay at the hospital post-procedure. You can resume your daily routine from the very next day, and complete recovery takes around 5-7 days.
A. Following are the dietary changes that you can follow as it helps in reducing the severity of pilonidal sinus:-
A. No. pilonidal sinus doesn't cause cancer. However, if it's left untreated for an extended period, it increases the risk of developing cancer called carcinoma. Therefore, it's better to consult an expert doctor and get the proper treatment when diagnosed with this problem.
A. Yes. Pilonidal sinus can cause infection if left untreated. Once the pilonidal sinus becomes infected, it may start oozing pus, foul-smelling blood. In addition, an infected pilonidal sinus can be painful, and in such a case, it needs to be removed surgically.
A. Usually, pilonidal sinus is not a severe condition. However, once it becomes infected, the disease can be severe. Once the pilonidal sinus becomes infected, it forms an abscess, causing pain, smelly discharge. In such a case, medical treatment becomes crucial to avoid further complications. Therefore, it’s essential to consult the doctor, get it diagnosed, and treated as soon as you start noticing its symptoms.
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