Following are the common questions about Cataract:
A. Cataract is a medical condition in which the eye lens starts to become cloudy due to protein deposition. When the eye lens becomes cloudy, a clear image of the objects does not form in front of the retina. Thus, the vision becomes unclear or blurry. Over time, the clouding will continue to increase and cover the entire lens causing permanent blindness. Therefore, it is critical to get cataract treatment on time.
A. Usually, cataracts develop in older people or people over the age of 50. However, a specific type of cataract, called congenital cataract, affects infants and children due to certain infections, metabolic problems, diabetes, trauma, inflammation, or as a reaction to some medicine or drug.
A. Cataracts usually exhibit the following symptoms-
Overall, you will have a difficult time seeing clearly.
A. Cataracts can be diagnosed through the following tests-
In the advanced stages of cataracts, the cloudiness of the lens can be seen without using any equipment.
A. The different types of cataract are-
A. The best and only treatment method for cataracts is cataract surgery. There are no medicines available that can help to treat cataract or slow down the progression. To remove the cloudy lens, the eye specialist will recommend cataract surgery.
A. Cataract surgery is the procedure of removing the clouded eye lens and replacing it with an artificial lens, called intraocular lens. The procedure is also known as lens replacement surgery and involves implanting the artificial lens to restore the vision. The surgery is performed on a daycare basis and successfully restores vision with minimal complications.
A. The doctor usually monitors the progress ion of the cataract before recommending surgical treatment. If the cataract is in a mild stage, it will have little or no effect on the vision. Some cataracts don’t progress whereas others progress very quickly. Therefore, the doctor will suggest waiting and monitoring the progression of the disease.
Cataract removal surgery is considered the right choice when the cataract has advanced to the stage where it causes vision problems and starts affecting everyday activities.
A. Cataracts are treated through cataract surgery which is performed as below-
A. Due to the advancements in the technology, there are various techniques available to perform cataract surgery. The most common techniques are-
A. After cataract surgery, most people don’t need visual aids as the surgery addresses cataracts as well as refractive errors. Therefore, the person will regain clear vision and won’t have to wear glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.
However, there are different types of IOLs available, including monofocal, multifocal, trifocal, and toric lenses that address refractive errors along with cataracts. The need for visual aid after surgery is determined based on the type of lens the patient chooses. Glasses or contact lenses may be required if the patient decides to get a monofocal lens as the replacement.
A. On average, cataract surgery cost ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 70,000 per eye. The cost of cataract surgery varies from one patient to another as it depends on various factors. These factors include-
A. Yes. Cataract is a serious medical condition that can cause permanent blindness. Therefore, its treatment is considered medically necessary. Most of the insurance companies provide a plan that has ample coverage for cataract treatment. However, you should know that the cost of a premium lens may not be covered by all policies. Thus, you will have to bear the additional expenses from your own pocket.
A. The potential complications that can arise during or after the surgery-
A. The recovery after cataract surgery is usually quick and smooth. Depending on your healing abilities, you will be able to recover within 4-6 weeks. There will be some after effects, like soreness or discomfort in the next few days after surgery. And they will also resolve within a week or so. Still, during the recovery period, the doctor will ask you to take the necessary precautions to reduce the chances of post-surgery complications.
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