Following are the common questions about Vaginal Cyst:
A. A vaginal cyst is an uncommon benign cyst that develops in the vaginal wall. It occurs when a gland or duct becomes clogged, causing liquid or other material to collect inside a pocket. A cyst can develop in any part of the body.
A cyst is basically a lump filled with air, pus, fluid, or other substances, and it can vary in size and number. Some cysts can be tiny, and others (in rare cases) can be as big as an orange. Usually, a cyst is not harmful or painful.
A. There are different vaginal cysts, including vaginal inclusion cyst, Gartner's cyst, Bartholin's cyst, and Mullerian cyst.
A. A vaginal inclusion cyst develops on the lower back of the vaginal wall. This type of cyst is tiny and unlikely to get noticed. However, an injury causes this vaginal cyst to develop on the vaginal wall. Sometimes, it may appear after childbirth or surgery.
A. This duct is described as a remnant organ found in the pelvis after fetal development. Gartner's duct cyst occurs when the ducts in the developing embryo don't vanish as they should after the child's birth. This can occasionally fill with fluid, pus, and other elements and turn into a cyst.
A. This type of cyst is found on the labia near the vaginal opening. The Bartholin’s gland can become overgrown by a flap of skin that causes fluid to back up and form a cyst. Bartholin’s cyst can be infected in rare cases, leading to a Bartholin’s abscess.
A. A Mullerian cyst is the most common cause of a vaginal cyst. It occurs when a duct is left behind during the baby’s development. A Mullerian cyst can develop anywhere on the vaginal walls and contain mucus. You may not even notice this type of cysts until you are in your 20s or 30s, when they become painful and uncomfortable.
A. The causes of a vaginal cyst depend on its type, size, number, and reasons.
A. A vaginal inclusion cyst is caused by trauma to the vaginal walls. For example, a woman may get a vaginal inclusion cyst after undergoing episiotomy (a surgical cut used to enlarge the vaginal opening during childbirth) or when a woman undergoes surgery that damages the lining of the vagina.
A. A Gartner's cyst develops on the side of the walls of the vagina. It's present while a baby is growing in the womb. However, this disappears in most cases, after the baby is born. If parts of the duct remain after childbirth, they may collect fluid and develop into Gartner’s cysts later in life.
A. Bartholin's gland cyst is caused when Bartholin’s gland becomes blocked by a flap of skin that creates a fluid-filled growth.
A. Injury during childbirth or surgery is the most common cause of Mullerian cysts. Also, a Mullerian cyst can form due to material left behind when a baby develops.
A. Usually, vaginal cysts don't cause symptoms. However, you may feel a lump along the vaginal wall or on the labia if you have any type of vaginal cyst. Most often, the gynecologist discovers the lump during your physical exam. A vaginal cyst may grow larger or remain the same size.
Typically, a cyst doesn’t cause pain, but if the cyst is large or a Bartholin's cyst, you may feel pain and discomfort when you walk, have sexual intercourse, or insert a tampon. In addition, a vaginal cyst is likely to cause pain when it gets infected.
A vaginal cyst can get infected by the normal bacteria on the skin or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Also, an infected vaginal cyst can form an abscess that can be very painful.
A. A gynecologist is a medical practitioner who treats the vaginal cyst. You should visit an experienced and skilled gynecologist as soon as you experience the symptoms of a vaginal cyst or are diagnosed with the same.
A. Usually, vaginal cysts are detected by a doctor during a routine physical exam. However, if you notice any symptoms of the vaginal cyst, you can directly ask your doctor to confirm it.
The doctor reviews your medical history, asks a few questions regarding the symptoms, such as when you have been noticing it, performs a test for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to choose the best treatment option.
In rare cases, the doctor also recommends biopsy to confirm anything more severe or a scan or ultrasound to get a clearer view of the cyst and problems it's causing. After that, the doctor moves ahead with the treatment process.
A. A vaginal cyst usually goes away on its own without the need for medical treatment. However, if a cyst persists for an extended period or becomes infected, treatment becomes crucial to treat it effectively and avoid further complications.
Following are the treatment options for vaginal cysts:-
The growth of a vaginal cyst is difficult to prevent. Therefore, you should focus less on stopping cyst formation and keeping your vagina as clean as possible. In addition, you can prevent infection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) by practicing safe sex.
One of the most common complications of a vaginal cyst is an infection that causes an abscess. An abscess is an extensive collection of fluid and pus that causes pain, swelling, and redness. If an abscess develops, it needs to be drained to heal.
You should have an annual gynecological examination as usual routine care. In addition, you can ask your doctor to check any new lump on the vagina to ensure it's benign. Also, you should consult a gynecologist as soon as a vaginal cyst becomes painful or shows signs of infection.
FAQsAddison's Disease FAQs