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Following are the common questions about IVF Treatment:
A. IVF or in-vitro fertilization is a common artificial reproductive procedure that helps a woman conceive where they cannot get pregnant naturally. IVF is known as इन विट्रो फ़र्टिलाइज़ेशन in Hindi. In this treatment, the egg of the female is fertilized by the male sperm in a scientific glass tube or a Petri (vitro) dish under a medically controlled environment, hence the in-vitro fertilization. Over 8 million IVF children have been born, and over 2.5 million cycles are being performed every year, resulting in over 500,000 deliveries annually.
In IVF treatment, the ovaries of the woman are first stimulated by medicines to produce enough eggs for fertilization. Once the ovaries produce enough eggs, the doctor retrieves (in common terms, collects) the mature eggs and places them on a petri dish. Simultaneously, the male partner produces his semen from which the IVF doctor cleans and collects the healthy sperm and places it along with the eggs on the same dish to allow fertilization to take place. If the egg is successfully fertilized, the IVF team monitors the growth and development of the embryo for the next 4-6 days. If the embryo continues to develop, the doctor takes the embryo and implants it in the uterus of the female where the pregnancy takes place for the next 9 months.
A. IVF is a good treatment option by any couple where the male or the female partner suffers from any of the following health problems/ conditions:
A. Pain is subjective; it differs from person to person. IVF is not physically painful for most women. But, emotional pain is a bigger concern here. When it comes to physical pain, a woman who is more sensitive may experience a greater level of discomfort than a woman who is less sensitive. The only part of IVF where women have reported feeling pain is the egg retrieval procedure that involves the use of needles and injections.
Unlike any other treatment, IVF is more than just the physical pain. The treatment involves a good deal of emotional pain. When the treatment does not provide desirable results, it can cause a lot of emotional pain and stress in the minds of those who undergo the treatment. Of course, there is physical discomfort, but that is negligible and can be easily managed too.
A. IVF treatment involves the following procedures.
A. Two different injections or injectable medications are involved in IVF. The first is Lupron, which is injected into the abdominal area or the thigh. The second injectable medicine is Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH), which is used to stimulate her ovaries so that they can produce several eggs.
A. The full form of AMH is the anti-mullerian hormone. It is a substance produced by granulosa cells in ovarian follicles. AMH level that ranges from 1.5 – 4.0 ng/ml is medically considered normal. If the AMH level is over 4.0 ng/ml, it is considerd to be high. A low normal range of AMH ranges from 1.0 – 1.5 ng/ml. If the AMH level is anywhere between 0.5 – 1.0 ng/ml, it is considered to be very low.
A. IVF is generally a very safe and effective fertility treatment and most women do not experience any problems during IVF treatment. However, there are some risks and complications that can affect the outcome of the treatment too. In order to avoid complications, it is important that you undergo the treatment only at the hands of a trained IVF doctor.
A. Yes, IVF babies are healthy and look the same as normal babies. The primary difference between IVF babies and normal babies lies only in the conception procedure. IVF babies are completely normal with similar features to those of other babies. The babies can undergo normal delivery too. Once born, nobody can differentiate whether the baby is born through IVF or otherwise.
A. IVF treatment is most often a very successful and safe fertility treatment for any woman who is not being able to conceive naturally. But in certain cases, IVF may not yield successful results. Some of the health conditions that may create not warrant a woman as a good candidate for IVF are hormonal imbalance, ovarian dysfunction, uterine abnormalities, fibroid tumors, and uterine fibroids. If the woman has any of these health conditions, the IVF doctor will most likely not recommend IVF treatment to the couple.
A. There are certain dos and don'ts that you need to follow after embryo implantation in IVF for better pregnancy outcomes.
A. Yes, but with preventions and precautions. Make sure to inform your doctor regarding your travel plans. There is no medical evidence that states that traveling can cause harm either to the mother or the fetus. Here are a few travel tips during IVF that can help you:
A. No, IVF treatment does not lead to ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is 1% of all pregnancies and for in vitro fertilization (IVF) case it is estimated to be 1-3%. If performed under expert supervision, IVF does not lead to ectopic pregnancy.
A. Yes. IVF treatment involves the use of very strong hormone medications and medicines to stimulate the ovaries. Commonly reported side effects of IVF treatment may include - multiple births, premature delivery, low birth weight, ectopic pregnancy, complications during the egg retreival procedure, miscarriage, birth defects and in rare occassions, ovarian cancer.
A. Yes, age is a very important deciding factor in case of IVF success or failure. The success rate of an IVF treatment depends highly on the age of the woman. As a woman ages, her chances of having a successful career gradually go down.
A. IVF and test-tube babies are two different names used for the same procedure. Before the term, IVF came into medical existence, the entire procedure used to be known as test-tube babies since the fertilization was done in a tube-like medical device. But the modern-day IVF is done on a petri dish but the procedure remains the same.
A. Although IVF and surrogacy are two of the most common treatments recommended to people who face trouble bearing a child through a natural process, the two terms often confuse people.IVF or in-vitro fertilization is a process where the fertilization is made to take place inside a glass tube or a dish. Surrogacy is a process where an infertile couple who wants to bear a baby, hires a surrogate mother. This treatment is mostly done in cases where the woman is unable to carry the baby inside her womb and hence hires another womb where the fetus develops.
In IVF, the carrier of the baby is the biological mother. In surrogacy, the carrier of the baby does not share any genetic connection with the baby. IVF is a modern age fertility treatment. On the other hand, surrogacy is the conventional procedure for infertile couples. In both the techniques, the eggs and sperm of either the real parents or a donor can be used.
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