Sodium plays the following essential roles in body:
The following are the common sources of sodium:
Salt is sodium chloride and contains 40 percent sodium and the remaining chlorine. There is no fixed amount of salt intake as the body looses enough of salt while sweating and urinating. However, the above mentioned table gives you a rough idea about the healthy sodium content you must have. To get the exact amount of salt, multiply the amount of sodium with 2.5 to get salt content.
Patients who are already suffering from the following diseases remain more susceptible to sodium disorders:
Sodium in excess is medically termed as Hypernatremia. This condition can lead to serious disorders in body. Topping the list are:
Cardiac problems: Excess of sodium requires the body to hold back more water to dissolve extra sodium. This results in more blood and water in body. Additional volume of blood and fluid requires human heart to perform more than usual and sets extra pressure on blood vessels. This is known as high blood pressure. Prolonged escalated levels of blood pressure make people susceptible to strokes, heart attacks and death.
Kidney troubles: Excess salt can also damage your kidneys. Some patients have severe renal issues even when they do not show any form of cardiac or blood pressure elevations.
Deadly cancer: Sodium in elevated levels can even lead to stomach ulcers and cancer. So beware and keep a check on your daily sodium intake.
Osteoporosis: Too much sodium; especially, table salt may lead to frequent urination and thus loss of calcium. As the body looses calcium that is vital for bone health, your bones become weak and fragile. If no proper treatment or precautions are adopted, individuals become very susceptible to osteoporosis. You may learn about Osteoporosis here.
Sodium deficiency or Hyponatremia is a rare condition to occur. However, if you are suffering from this condition, early diagnosis and treatment is important to prevent this disease from turning fatal.
Hyponatremia can be brought about by a number of reasons leading to excess water content in body. Thereby, the cells swell up and take up an abnormal shape. This condition can lead to a number of other health disorders; most of which are fatal.
A person who suffers from excessive sweating becomes prone to suffer from hyponatremia.
The following are the common symptoms of Hypernatremia (excess sodium). If you are experiencing any of the following, visit a doctor and check you blood pressure levels.
The following are the common symptoms of Hyponatremia (low sodium) in body. If you are experiencing any of these; visit your doctor immediately:
Table salt misuse has been regarded as the common cause of hypernatremia; however, besides this, there are other conditions leading to Hypernatremia as mentioned below:
The following are the common causes of Hyponatremia in body:
Yes. Sodium balance is very important to keep your body energized. As athletes loose a lot of water and sodium in the form of sweat, drinking water and eating salty food is vital.
NO. Sodium disorders can easily be detected through simple laboratory tests as mentioned above. Every clinic or diagnostic center offers sodium testing as mandatory service. You can get a detailed idea about the number of clinics along with their prices across various cities in India. (here)
Both sodium and potassium electrolytes are correlated and have opposite roles to play in the body. Sodium potassium balance is vital for healthy functioning of body. Excess of sodium can be controlled with potassium balance. Potassium causes removal of excess sodium through urination.
However, potassium intake does not allow you to take sodium in excess. Excess potassium may lead to further disorders and therefore a balance is what we need to aim for.
The ideal sodium potassium ration needs to be between 1:2 or 1:3. Bananas serve as a good source of potassium and sodium.
Many people believe that sea salt has less sodium. However, this is not very true and therefore, taking in too much sodium through sea salt can prove detrimental equally.
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