Bariatric Surgery is commonly known as weight loss surgery. As it is quite evident from the term, this surgery is performed to treat obesity surgically. It includes variety of surgical procedures that aim to achieve drastic weight loss.
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|City||Average Price||Starting Price||Price Upto|
|Bangalore||Rs. 295714.00||Rs. 245000.00||Rs. 350000.00|
|Chennai||Rs. 250000.00||Rs. 200000.00||Rs. 300000.00|
|Hyderabad||Rs. 306000.00||Rs. 230000.00||Rs. 350000.00|
|Kolkata||Rs. 270714.00||Rs. 250000.00||Rs. 320000.00|
|Mumbai||Rs. 351182.00||Rs. 200000.00||Rs. 500000.00|
|New Delhi||Rs. 262771.00||Rs. 62000.00||Rs. 486000.00|
|Pune||Rs. 221000.00||Rs. 180000.00||Rs. 250000.00|
Bariatric surgery procedures can be grouped into 3 main categories. These are explained below:
1. Predominantly Malabsorptive Procedures:
This technique results to drastic weight reduction by implementing certain physiological malabsorption conditions in the body. Earlier, there were three techniques to attain these conditions. However, today, only one single method, known as Billiopancreatic diversion is prevalent.
Billopancreatic Diversion: In this process, large portion of stomach is resected or removed. This restricts the intake of food and thereby weight gain. To restore normal functioning, upper part of small intestine is also cut, leaving only the duodenum. It is here that most chemical reactions are taking place.
Small intestine is further resected few feet down. Finally only the part of small intestine that is connected to large intestine gets attached to the duodenum. Thus, as the size of small intestine is quite small, lesser amount of nutrients and calories are absorbed by the body. This helps to reduce weight to a large extent.
2. Predominantly Restrictive Procedures:
This techniques does not tamper with the alimentary canal. This deals with gastric volume to bring about early satiety. The different surgical methods in this section are listed below:
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: This is also known as stomach stapling. In this technique, a small stomach pouch is created using staples and band. This pouch has a tiny opening at the end. This leads to the remainder part of stomach and gastrointestinal tract.
Since the pouch has a small opening, the rate of flow of food along the passage is retarded. The staples used in this method are permanent. In place of these, an adjustable silicon band can also be used for this purpose. This allows adjusting pouch size as and when required.
Sleeve Gastrectomy: This is one of the most effective measures of weight-loss. In this technique, a large portion of stomach is removed permanently. The remaining part is an elongated pouch connecting esophagus and small intestine.
Gastric Plication: This is quite similar to sleeve gastrectomy. The only difference is that, here the elongated pouch is created by suturing stomach tissues rather than removing them.
3. Mixed Procedures:
This technique uses a combination of the above two procedures. The technique used in this section has been explained below:
Gastric Bypass Surgery: This technique divides the stomach into two unequal parts; namely smaller pouch and larger eminent pouch. The smaller pouch lies closer to esophagus. It is here that the food we eat gets stored after passing through the esophagus. Since this is small in size, it restricts food intake up to a larger extent. The small intestine is then cut from the bottom and attached to the pouch. This is known as Roux limb. The upper or remaining part of small intestine constituting the duodenum is attached to roux limb. The entire set up identifies to letter Y.
Cost of Bariatric Surgery in India can range around INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000 approximately.
Post operation patients need to follow liquid diet until gastrointestinal tract recovers. Slowly, patients can start with soft food diet, but it needs to be sugar free for at-least two weeks. Sometimes some multivitamin pills are also prescribed to patients for life time to compensate for lesser intake of food.